Those on autism spectrum have shorter life spans by average of 18 years, study finds

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dgdavis64
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Those on autism spectrum have shorter life spans by average of 18 years, study finds

Postby dgdavis64 » Sun Mar 20, 2016 2:56 pm

http://www.nola.com/science/index.ssf/2 ... orter.html

Those on autism spectrum have shorter life spans by average of 18 years, study finds

Researchers looking into mortality trends and autism have made a troubling discovery: People on the autism spectrum are dying young - some 12 to 30 years earlier than might otherwise be expected.

The analysis, conducted by Sweden's Karolinska Institute and published in the British Journal of Psychiatry, found that the leading cause of premature death in autistic adults isn't due to diseases, such as heart ailments or cancer, that are the main killers in the general population. It's suicide.

The data, which includes information on 27,000 people with the social-communication disorder and about 2.5 million who do not have the diagnosis from Sweden's national registries, found that, on average, autistic adults die 18 years younger than their non-autistic counterparts.

An autistic person's age at death also appeared to be impacted by cognitive ability. Those with autism and a learning disability died 30 years earlier on average while those without intellectual impairment died 12 years earlier. Individuals considered to be on the "high-functioning" end of the spectrum with strong language skills - those who might have been diagnosed with Asperger's before the diagnostic criteria changed - still had double the risk of dying young as those without the condition...

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Dana
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Re: Those on autism spectrum have shorter life spans by average of 18 years, study finds

Postby Dana » Thu Apr 14, 2016 11:09 am

How come the research included 2.5 million w/o autism? I couldn't read the article in full because on mobile version it cut off with no ability to click a link to read in full. So just curious.
Dana

Dana
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Re: Those on autism spectrum have shorter life spans by average of 18 years, study finds

Postby Dana » Thu Apr 14, 2016 11:12 am

Ok, once I posted, then a link appeared on your post of course lol! Still doesn't explain the other 2.5 million. Scary non the less.
Dana

Winnie
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Re: Those on autism spectrum have shorter life spans by average of 18 years, study finds

Postby Winnie » Thu Apr 14, 2016 11:34 am

Dana wrote:Ok, once I posted, then a link appeared on your post of course lol! Still doesn't explain the other 2.5 million. Scary non the less.


Those are the non-autistic counterparts that the study population of adults on the spectrum were compared to:

"The data, which includes information on 27,000 people with the social-communication disorder and about 2.5 million who do not have the diagnosis from Sweden's national registries, found that, on average, autistic adults die 18 years younger than their non-autistic counterparts."
Winnie
"Make it a powerful memory, the happiest you can remember."

Dana
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Re: Those on autism spectrum have shorter life spans by average of 18 years, study finds

Postby Dana » Thu Apr 14, 2016 11:51 am

I understand that, but how do you compare 27,000 to 2.5 million and come up with an accurate average? The control should be a comparable size group.
Dana

Winnie
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Re: Those on autism spectrum have shorter life spans by average of 18 years, study finds

Postby Winnie » Thu Apr 14, 2016 1:48 pm

Dana wrote:I understand that, but how do you compare 27,000 to 2.5 million and come up with an accurate average? The control should be a comparable size group.


Not in this type of study design – an observational study -- longitudinal cohort specifically -- of a huge population.

The study population was children born in Denmark between 1980 and 2010 and followed through 2013. Since this population includes all children born (in the Danish database) within that time frame, the non-autistic group is much larger than the group with autism.

The general idea was to look at morbidity in each group (autistic and non-autistic), so those numbers would be calculated for each group and then compared for potential patterns or statistically significant differences.

***ETA: The study I commented on is this 2016 one, the one discussed in the article is a 2015 study (but wasn't linked). Apparently also an observational study.

Here is the Autistica Report generated from mortality figures (scary):

http://www.sciencemag.org/sites/default/files/documents/AUTISTICA%20REPORT%20-%20Personal%20Tragedies%2C%20Public%20Crisis.pdf
Winnie
"Make it a powerful memory, the happiest you can remember."


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